Kata

Uechi-ryu as we teach it has eight empty-handed kata

1.  Sanchin - The name of the kata is translated as three conflicts.  It is often said that the three conflics are body, mind, and spirit.  This is the first of the three original forms from Pangainoon kung fu, brought back from China by Kanbun Uechi.  Many systems of karate and kung fu have a form named sanchin or samchien.  Each focuses on the development of the practitioner's mind; the basic stance, including the ability to root to the ground for stability and power development; proper breathing technique (kokyuho), spiritual concentration including the mental management of forces and focus; and development of the physical body's strength and connection.


2.  Kanshiwa - The name is a combination of two names, Uechi Kanbun's and his teacher's in China, Master Shushiwa.  This is one of the 5 additional kata developed Kanei Uechi and ten of his senior students. The kata was originally named "Kanshabu" due to a localized pronunciation of Shushiwa's name as Shashabu.  


3.  Kanshu - The karate name is again a combination of the names Kanbun and Shushiwa. This is the second additional kata, chiefly designed by Seiki Itokazu, a senior student of Kanei Uechi.  The kata is also  referred to as Daini Seisan, meaning "little Seisan".   


4. Seichin - The kata name is a combination of two kata names, Sanchin and Seisan.  This is the third additional kata, chiefly designed by Saburo Uehara, a senior student of Kanei Uechi. 


5. Seisan - The name of the kata means 13, implying 13 positions of attack and defense. This is the second of the three original forms from Pangainoon kung fu, brought back from China by Kanbun Uechi.  Many karate and kung fu systems have a seisan or similarly named kata.  This form is often referred to as the "bar fight" kata because it presents techniques to stop and overwhelm commonly used attacks.


6. Seiryu - The name of the kata means 16 positions of attack and defense.  This is the fourth additional kata developed by  Kanei Uechi and his senior students. 


7. Konchin - The name of the kata is a combination of the names Kanbun Uechi and the kata Sanchin.  This is the fifth additional kata and was chiefly designed by Kanei Uechi.  It is said to include his favorite techniques.


8. Sanseiryu -  The kata name means 36, implying 36 positions of attack and defense.  The kata is the third of the three original forms from Pangainoon kung fu, brought back from China by Kanbun Uechi.

Bunkai

Bunkai is the practical application of kata techniques

Uechi-ryu is practiced with two kinds of bunkai, "yakosuko" or pre-arranged and "oyo" or free, not-prearranged applications.


Yakosuko bunkai is a training method where a pre-arranged series of attacks and defenses is learned and practiced.


Washington Karate Academy students train four bunkai that are based on four kata in the system.

-Kanshiwa

-Seisan

-Seiryu

-Sanseiryu


Oyo bunkai is a training method where a practitioner is spontaneously attacked and must use movements from the form to negate the attack.  Oyo bunkai is introduced once the practitioner is comfortable with the techniques.

Kumite

Kumite is a partnered sparring exercise

There are two kinds of kumite, "yakosuko" or pre-arranged, and "jiyu" or free, not pre-arranged sparring.


The goal of both exercises is for practitioners to learn distancing, control, application of explosive technique, and flow.  Kumite in the dojo is not akin to an actual fight because the goal of both people in the dojo is the improvement of the other, whereas the goal of an actual fight is either to harm or to survive and escape.


Kumite is taught based on the needs and abilities of each person.  Power, speed, and the level of contact increase based on individual development.